Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota RAV4 Service Manual: Disassembly

  1. Remove idler pulley (see page em-23)

  2. Remove oil dipstick

  3. Remove oil dipstick guide (see page em-57)

  4. Remove manifold stay (see page em-57)

  5. Remove no. 2 Manifold stay (see page em-58)

  6. Remove no. 1 Exhaust manifold heat insulator (see page em-58)

  7. Remove exhaust manifold converter subassembly (see page em-58)

  8. Remove water inlet (see page co-15)

  9. Remove thermostat

  10. Remove no. 1 Water by-pass pipe

Toyota RAV4. Remove no. 1 Water by-pass pipe


  1. Remove the bolt, 2 nuts, pipe and gasket.
  1. Remove no. 3 Water by-pass pipe

Toyota RAV4. Remove no. 3 Water by-pass pipe


  1. Remove the bolt, 2 nuts, pipe and gasket.
  1. Remove v-ribbed belt tensioner assembly (see page em-26)

  2. Remove camshaft timing oil control valve assembly (see page es-395)

  3. Remove knock sensor (see page es-420)

  4. Remove radio setting condenser (see page em-63)

  5. Remove oil pressure switch assembly (see page em-63)

  6. Remove engine coolant temperature sensor (see page em-63)

  7. Remove camshaft position sensor (see page em-64)

  8. Remove ignition coil assembly (see page ig-9)

  9. Remove spark plug

Toyota RAV4. Remove spark plug


  1. Remove oil filler cap sub-assembly

Toyota RAV4. Remove oil filler cap sub-assembly


  1. Remove oil filler cap gasket

  2. Remove ventilation valve sub-assembly (see page ec-18)

  3. Remove cylinder head cover sub-assembly (see page em-24)

Toyota RAV4. Remove cylinder head cover sub-assembly (see page em-24)


  1. Remove cylinder head cover gasket

  2. Remove oil filter sub-assembly (see page lu- 4)

Toyota RAV4. Remove oil filter sub-assembly (see page lu- 4)


  1. Remove oil filter union

  1. Using a 12 mm hexagon wrench, remove the oil filter union.
  1. Remove crankshaft position sensor (see page es-402)

  2. Remove water pump pulley (see page co-11)

  3. Remove water pump assembly (see page co- 11)

Toyota RAV4. Remove water pump assembly (see page co- 11)


  1. Remove oil pan drain plug

Toyota RAV4. Remove oil pan drain plug


  1. Remove the oil pan drain plug and gasket.
  1. Remove oil pan sub-assembly (see page em- 24)

  2. Remove crankshaft pulley (see page em-25)

  3. Remove no. 1 Chain tensioner assembly (see page em-26)

  4. Remove timing chain cover sub-assembly (see page em-26)

  5. Remove no. 1 Crankshaft position sensor plate

Toyota RAV4. Remove no. 1 Crankshaft position sensor plate


  1. Remove timing chain guide (see page em-28)

  2. Remove chain tensioner slipper (see page em-28)

  3. Remove no. 1 Chain vibration damper (see page em-28)

  4. Remove chain sub-assembly

Toyota RAV4. Remove chain sub-assembly


  1. Remove crankshaft timing sprocket

Toyota RAV4. Remove crankshaft timing sprocket


  1. Remove no. 2 Chain sub-assembly (see page em-29)

  2. Remove oil pump drive gear

  3. Remove oil pump assembly (see page lu-12)

  4. Remove camshaft

Toyota RAV4. Remove camshaft


  1. Using several steps, uniformly loosen and remove the 20 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.
  2. Remove the 10 bearing caps, then remove the camshaft and no. 2 Camshaft.
  1. Remove cylinder head sub-assembly (see page em-62)

  2. Remove cylinder head gasket

Toyota RAV4. Remove cylinder head gasket


  1. Remove cylinder block water jacket spacer

Toyota RAV4. Remove cylinder block water jacket Spacer


  1. Using needle-nose pliers, remove the cylinder block water jacket spacer from the water jacket.

Notice:

Before turning the cylinder block upside down, make sure that the water jacket spacer is removed, as it will fall out.

  1. Remove cylinder block water drain cock sub-assembly

Toyota RAV4. Remove cylinder block water drain cock sub-assembly


  1. Remove oil control valve filter

Toyota RAV4. Remove oil control valve filter


  1. Using a 6 mm socket hexagon wrench, remove the plug and gasket.
  2. Remove the oil control valve filter.
  1. Inspect balance shaft thrust clearance

Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft thrust clearance


  1. Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while moving the balance shaft back and forth.

Standard thrust clearance: 0.05 To 0.09 Mm (0.0020 To 0.0035 In.)

Maximum thrust clearance: 0.09 Mm (0.0035 In.)

If the thrust clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the balance shaft housing and bearings. If necessary, replace the balance shaft.

  1. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance

Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance


  1. Using several steps, uniformly loosen and remove the 8 bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.
  2. Remove the balance shaft housing from the crankcase.

Hint:

Keep the lower bearing and balance shaft housing together.

  1. Lift out the no. 1 And no. 2 Balance shafts.

Hint:

Keep the upper bearing with the crankcase.

  1. Clean each bearing and journal.
  2. Check each bearing and journal for pitting and scratches.

If a bearing or journal is damaged, replace the bearings. If necessary, replace the balance shaft.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance


Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance


  1. Inspect the balance shaft housing bolt.
  1. Using a vernier caliper, measure the length of the bolts from the seat to the end.

Standard bolt length: 58.3 To 59.7 Mm (2.295 To 2.350 In.)

Maximum bolt length: 60.3 Mm (2.374 In.)

If the bolt length is greater than the maximum, replace the balance shaft bolt.

  1. Place the no. 1 And no. 2 Balance shafts onto the crankcase.
  2. Lay a strip of plastigage across each journal.
  3. Install the balance shaft housing.
  4. Apply a light coat of engine oil on the threads and under the heads of the bolts.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance


  1. Using several steps, uniformly install and tighten the 8 bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

    Torque: 21.6 N*m (220 kgf*cm, 16 ft.*Lbf)

Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance


Toyota RAV4. Inspect balance shaft oil clearance


  1. Mark the front of the bolts with paint.
  2. Retighten the bolts 90° as shown in the illustration.
  3. Check that the paint mark is now at a 90° angle to the front.
  4. Remove the balance shaft housing from the crankcase.
  5. Measure the plastigage at its widest point.

Standard oil clearance: 0.004 To 0.049 Mm (0.0002 To 0.0019 In.)

Maximum oil clearance: 0.049 Mm (0.0019 In.)

Notice:

Remove the plastigage completely after the measurement.

If the oil clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the bearing. If necessary, replace the balance shaft.

Hint:

If replacing a bearing, select a new one with the same number.

Standard balance shaft housing journal bore diameter


Standard balance shaft journal diameter: 22.985 To 23.000 Mm (0.9049 To 0.9055 In.) Standard bearing center wall thickness


  1. Remove balance shaft

Toyota RAV4. Remove balance shaft


  1. Remove no. 1 Balance shaft bearing

Toyota RAV4. Remove no. 1 Balance shaft bearing


  1. Remove engine rear oil seal

Toyota RAV4. Remove engine rear oil seal


  1. Using a knife, cut off the lip of the oil seal.
  2. Using a screwdriver with its tip wrapped with tape, pry out the oil seal.

Notice:

After removing, check the crankshaft for damage. If damaged, smooth the surface with 400-grit sandpaper.

  1. Remove stiffening crankcase assembly

Toyota RAV4. Remove stiffening crankcase assembly


  1. Using several steps, uniformly loosen and remove the 11 bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.
  2. Remove the crankcase by prying the portions between the crankcase and cylinder block.

Toyota RAV4. Remove stiffening crankcase assembly


Notice:

Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the crankcase and cylinder bock.

  1. Remove the o-ring from the cylinder block.

Toyota RAV4. Remove stiffening crankcase assembly


  1. Inspect connecting rod thrust clearance

Toyota RAV4. Inspect connecting rod thrust clearance


  1. Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while moving the connecting rod back and forth.

Standard thrust clearance: 0.160 To 0.362 Mm (0.0063 To 0.0143 In.)

Maximum thrust clearance: 0.362 Mm (0.0143 In.)

If the thrust clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the connecting rod. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

  1. Inspect connecting rod oil clearance

Notice:

Do not turn the crankshaft during the measurement.

  1. Using marking paint, write the matched cylinder number on each connecting rod and cap.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect connecting rod oil clearance


Hint:

The matchmarks in the connecting rods and caps are for ensuring correct reassembly.

  1. Using a 12 mm socket wrench, remove the 2 bolts and connecting rod cap.
  2. Clean the crank pin and bearing.
  3. Check the crank pin and bearing for pitting and scratches.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect connecting rod oil clearance


  1. Lay a strip of plastigage on the crank pin.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect connecting rod oil clearance


  1. Check that the front mark of the connecting rod cap is facing in the correct direction.
  2. Apply a light coat of engine oil to the threads and under the heads of the connecting rod bolts.
  3. Using a 12 mm socket wrench, tighten the bolts in several passes to the specified torque.

Torque: 24.5 N*m (250 kgf*cm, 18 ft.*Lbf)

Toyota RAV4. Inspect connecting rod oil clearance


  1. Mark the front of the connecting rod bolts with paint.
  2. Retighten the cap bolts 90° as shown in the illustration.
  3. Check that the crankshaft turns smoothly.
  4. Using a 12 mm socket wrench, remove the 2 bolts and connecting rod cap.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect connecting rod oil clearance


  1. Measure the plastigage at its widest point.

Standard oil clearance: 0.024 To 0.048 Mm (0.0009 To 0.0019 In.)

Maximum oil clearance: 0.08 Mm (0.0032 In.)

Notice:

Remove the plastigage completely after the measurement.

If the oil clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the connecting rod bearing. If necessary, grind or replace the crankshaft.

Hint:

If replacing a bearing, select a new one with the same number as marked on the connecting rod.

There are 3 sizes of standard bearings, marked "1", "2" and "3" accordingly.

Standard connecting rod large end bore diameter


Standard connecting rod bearing thickness


Standard crankshaft pin diameter: 47.990 To 48.000 (1.8894 To 1.8898 In.)

  1. Remove piston with connecting rod

Toyota RAV4. Remove piston with connecting rod


  1. Using a ridge reamer, remove all the carbon from the top of the cylinder.
  2. Push the piston, connecting rod assembly and upper bearing through the top of the cylinder block.

Hint:

  1. Remove connecting rod bearing

  2. Remove piston ring set

Toyota RAV4. Remove piston ring set


  1. Using a piston ring expander, remove the 2 compression rings.
  2. Remove the oil ring and expander by hand.
  1. Remove piston pin hole snap ring

Toyota RAV4. Remove piston pin hole snap ring


  1. Using a small screwdriver, pry out the 2 snap rings.
  1. Remove piston

Toyota RAV4. Remove piston


  1. Gradually heat the piston up to 80 to 90°c (176 to 194°f).
  2. Using a plastic-faced hammer and brass bar, lightly tap out the piston pin, then remove the connecting rod.

Toyota RAV4. Remove piston


Hint:

  1. Inspect crankshaft thrust clearance

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft thrust clearance


  1. Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while prying the crankshaft back and forth with a screwdriver.

Standard thrust clearance: 0.04 To 0.24 Mm (0.0016 To 0.0095 In.)

Maximum thrust clearance: 0.30 Mm (0.012 In.)

If the thrust clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the thrust washers as a set.

Hint:

The thrust washer thickness is 1.93 To 1.98 Mm (0.0760 To 0.0780 In.).

  1. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance

Notice:

Do not turn the crankshaft during the measurement.

  1. Using several steps, uniformly loosen and remove the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.
  2. Remove the 5 bearing caps from the cylinder block.

Hint:

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


  1. Remove the crankshaft

Hint:

Keep the crankshaft bearings and crankshaft thrust washer uppers together with the cylinder block.

  1. Clean each main journal and bearing.
  2. Check each main journal and bearing for pitting and scratches.
  1. Place the crankshaft onto the cylinder block.
  2. Lay a strip of plastigage across each journal.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


  1. Examine the front marks and numbers, and install the bearing caps onto the cylinder block in the order shown in the illustration.
  2. Apply a light coat of engine oil to the threads and under the heads of the crankshaft bearing cap set bolts.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


  1. Using several steps, uniformly install and tighten the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 40 n*m (408 kgf*cm, 30 ft.*Lbf)

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


  1. Mark the front of the bearing cap bolts with paint.
  2. Retighten the 10 bearing cap bolts by 90°.
  3. Check that the paint marks are at a 90° angle to the front.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


  1. Remove the crankshaft bearing caps.

Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


Toyota RAV4. Inspect crankshaft oil clearance


  1. Measure the plastigage at its widest point.

Standard oil clearance: 0.008 To 0.024 Mm (0.0003 To 0.0010 In.)

Maximum oil clearance: 0.050 Mm (0.0020 In.)

Notice:

Remove the plastigage completely after the measurement.

If the oil clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the crankshaft bearing. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

Hint:

If replacing a bearing, select a new one with the same number. If the number of the bearing cannot be determined, calculate the correct bearing number by adding together the numbers imprinted on the cylinder block and crankshaft. Then select a new bearing with the calculated number. There are 4 sizes of standard bearings, marked "1", "2", "3" and "4" accordingly.


Example

3 + 4 = 7

Select the bearing marked "3".

Standard cylinder block journal bore diameter


Standard crankshaft journal diameter

 


Standard bearing center wall thickness


  1. Remove crankshaft

Toyota RAV4. Remove crankshaft


  1. Using several steps, uniformly loosen and remove the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.
  2. Remove the 5 bearing caps from the cylinder block.
  3. Remove the crankshaft from the cylinder block.
  1. Remove crankshaft thrust washer upper

Toyota RAV4. Remove crankshaft thrust washer upper


  1. Remove crankshaft bearing


Hint:

Arrange the bearings in the correct order.

  1. Remove no. 2 Crankshaft bearing

Toyota RAV4. Remove no. 2 Crankshaft bearing


Hint:

Arrange the bearings in the correct order.

  1. Remove no. 1 Oil nozzle sub-assembly

Toyota RAV4. Remove no. 1 Oil nozzle sub-assembly


  1. Remove the 4 bolts and 4 oil nozzles.
Components
...

Inspection
Inspect cylinder block for warpage Using a precision straightedge and feeler gauge, measure the warpage of the surface that is in contact with the cylinder head gasket. Maximum war ...

Other materials:

Coolant
Replacement Remove no. 1 Engine under cover Drain engine coolant Loosen the radiator drain cock plug. Hint: Collect the coolant in a container and dispose of it according to the regulations in your area. Remove the radiator reservoir cap. Caution: Do not remove the radiator ...

How to proceed with troubleshooting
Hint: Use these procedures to troubleshoot the lighting system. *: Use the intelligent tester. Vehicle brought to workshop Inspect battery voltage Standard voltage: 11 to 14 v If the voltage is below 11 v, recharge or replace the battery before proceeding. Refer to pr ...

Installation
Install tire pressure warning antenna and receiver Install the receiver with the bolt. Torque: 7.5 N*m (76 kgf*cm, 66 in.*Lbf) Connect the connector. Install inner roof side garnish assembly rh (see page ir-52) Install deck trim side panel assembly rh (w/o rear no. 2 S ...

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