Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota RAV4 Service Manual: Diagnosis system

  1. Description

The center airbag sensor controls the functions of the supplemental restraint system (srs) on the vehicle.

Data of the srs can be read in the data link connector 3 (dlc3) of the vehicle. When the system seems to be malfunctioning, use the intelligent tester to check for a malfunction and perform repairs.

  1. Check dlc3

Toyota RAV4. Check dlc3


  1. The ecu uses iso 15765-4 for communication.

    The terminal arrangement of the dlc3 complies with iso 15031-3 and matches the iso 15765-4 format.

Toyota RAV4. Check dlc3


Notice:

*: Before measuring the resistance, leave the vehicle as is for at least 1 minute and do not operate the ignition switch, any switches or doors.

If the result is not as specified, the dlc3 may have a malfunction. Repair or replace the harness and connector.

Hint:

Connect the cable of the intelligent tester (with can vim) to the dlc3, turn the ignition switch on and attempt to use the tester. If the display indicates that a communication error has occurred, there is a problem either with the vehicle or with the tester.

  1. Symptom simulation

Hint:

The most difficult case in troubleshooting is when no problem symptoms occur. In such a case, a through problem analysis must be carried out. A simulation of the same or similar conditions and environment in which the problem occurred in the customer's vehicle should be carried out. No matter how much skill or experience a technician has, troubleshooting without confirming the problem symptoms will lead to important repairs being overlooked and mistakes or delays.

This leads to a standstill in troubleshooting.

Toyota RAV4. Symptom simulation


  1. Simulation method: when vibration seems to be the major cause

Hint:

Perform this method only during the primary check period (for approximately 6 seconds after the ignition switch is turned on).

  1. Use your finger to slightly vibrate the part of the sensor considered to be the problem cause, and check whether the malfunction recurs.

Hint:

Wiggling the relays too strongly may result in open relays.

  1. Gently wiggle the connector.
  2. Slightly shake the wire harness vertically and horizontally.

The connector joint and fulcrum of the vibration are the major areas to be checked thoroughly.

  1. Function of srs warning light

  1. Primary check
  1. Turn the ignition switch off. Wait for at least 2 seconds, then turn the ignition switch on. The srs warning light comes on for approximately 6 seconds and the srs airbag system diagnosis (including the seat belt pretensioner) is performed.

Hint:

If any malfunctions are detected during the primary check, the srs warning light remains on even after the primary check period has elapsed.

  1. Constant check
  1. After the primary check, the center airbag sensor constantly monitors the srs airbag system for trouble.

Hint:

If any malfunctions are detected during the constant check, the center airbag sensor functions as follows:

  1. Review
  1. When the airbag system is normal: the srs warning light comes on only during the primary check period (for approximately 6 seconds after the ignition switch is turned on).
  2. When the airbag system malfunctions:

Hint:

The center airbag sensor keeps the srs warning light on if any malfunctions have been detected in the airbag system.

  1. Function of passenger airbag on/off indicator

Toyota RAV4. Function of passenger airbag on/off indicator


  1. Initial check
  1. Turn the ignition switch on.
  2. The passenger airbag on / off indicator comes on for approximately 4 seconds, then goes off for approximately 2 seconds.
  3. Approximately 6 seconds after the ignition switch is turned on, the passenger airbag on / off indicator operates in accordance with the conditions listed below.

Toyota RAV4. Function of passenger airbag on/off indicator


Hint:

The passenger airbag on / off indicator operates as shown in the timing chart below in order to check the indicator light circuit.

Toyota RAV4. Function of passenger airbag on/off indicator


  1. Srs warning light check

Toyota RAV4. Srs warning light check


  1. Turn the ignition switch on, and check that the srs warning light comes on for approximately 6 seconds (primary check).
  2. Check that the srs warning light goes off approximately 6 seconds after the ignition switch is turned on (constant check).

Hint:

When any of the following symptoms occur, refer to the problem symptoms table (see page rs-34).

  1. Activation prevention mechanism

  1. Function of activation prevention mechanism
  1. An activation prevention mechanism is built into the connector (on the center airbag sensor a side) of the airbag system squib circuit to prevent accidental airbag activation.
  2. This mechanism closes the circuit when the connector is disconnected by bringing the short spring into contact with the terminals and shutting off external electricity to prevent accidental airbag activation.
  1. Release method of activation prevention mechanism
  1. To release the activation prevention mechanism, insert a piece of paper, with the same thickness as the male terminal (approximately 0.5 Mm [0.020 In.]), Between the terminals and the short spring to break the connection.
  2. Refer to the illustrations below concerning connectors to utilize the activation prevention mechanism and its release method.

Caution:

Never release the activation prevention mechanism on the squib connector even when inspecting with the squib disconnected.

Notice:

Do not release the activation prevention mechanism unless specifically directed to do so by the troubleshooting procedure.

To prevent the terminal and the short spring from being damaged, always use a piece of paper that is the same thickness as the male terminal.

Toyota RAV4. Activation prevention mechanism


Toyota RAV4. Activation prevention mechanism


Toyota RAV4. Activation prevention mechanism


Toyota RAV4. Activation prevention mechanism


Toyota RAV4. Activation prevention mechanism


Toyota RAV4. Activation prevention mechanism


Terminals of ecu
Center airbag sensor assembly (w/ curtain shield airbag) Center airbag sensor assembly (w/o curtain shield airbag) ...

Dtc check / clear
Check dtc (using sst (check wire)) Check the dtcs (present trouble code). Turn the ignition switch on, and wait for approximately 60 seconds. Using sst, connect terminals 13(tc) ...

Other materials:

Replacement
Replace timing chain cover oil seal Hint: There are 2 methods to replace the oil seal. If the timing chain cover is removed from the cylinder block: Using a screwdriver and hammer, tap out the oil seal. Apply multi-purpose grease to the lip of a new oil seal. Notice: ...

Disassembly (2006/01- )
Remove front axle inboard joint boot no. 2 Clamp One touch type: using a screwdriver, remove the no. 2 Inboard joint boot clamp, as shown in the illustration. Claw engagement type: using needle-nose pliers, remove the no. 2 Inboard joint boot clamp, as shown in the illustra ...

Precaution
Check that the battery cables are connected to the correct terminals. Disconnect the battery cables if a quick charge is given to the battery. Do not perform tests with a high voltage insulation resistance tester. Never disconnect the battery while the engine is running. Check tha ...

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