Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota RAV4 Service Manual: Oxygen (a/f) sensor signal stuck

Toyota RAV4. Oxygen (a/f) sensor signal stuck


Hint:

Description

The a/f sensor generates a voltage* that corresponds to the actual air-fuel ratio. This sensor voltage is used to provide the ecm with feedback so that it can control the air-fuel ratio. The ecm determines the deviation from the stoichiometric air-fuel ratio level, and regulates the fuel injection time. If the a/f sensor malfunctions, the ecm is unable to control the air-fuel ratio accurately.

The a/f sensor is of the planar type and is integrated with the heater, which heats the solid electrolyte (zirconia element). This heater is controlled by the ecm. When the intake air volume is low (the exhaust gas temperature is low), a current flows into the heater to heat the sensor, in order to facilitate accurate air-fuel ratio detection. In addition, the sensor and heater portions are narrower than the conventional type. The heat generated by the heater is conducted to the solid electrolyte through the alumina, therefore the sensor activation is accelerated.

In order to obtain a high purification rate of the carbon monoxide (co), hydrocarbon (hc) and nitrogen oxide (nox) components in the exhaust gas, a twc is used. For the most efficient use of the twc, the air-fuel ratio must be precisely controlled so that it is always close to the stoichiometric level.

*: Value changes inside the ecm. Since the a/f sensor is the current output element, a current is converted into a voltage inside the ecm. Any measurements taken at the a/f sensor or ecm connectors will show a constant voltage.

Toyota RAV4. Oxygen (a/f) sensor signal stuck


Toyota RAV4. Oxygen (a/f) sensor signal stuck


Hint:

Monitor description

Sensor voltage detection monitor

Under the air-fuel ratio feedback control, if the a/f sensor output voltage indicates rich or lean for a certain period of time, the ecm determines that there is a malfunction in the a/f sensor. The ecm illuminates the mil and sets a dtc.

Example: if the a/f sensor output voltage is less than 2.8 V (very rich condition) for 10 seconds, despite the rear ho2 sensor output voltage being less than 0.6 V, the ecm sets dtc p2196. Alternatively, if the a/f sensor output voltage is more than 3.8 V (very lean condition) for 10 seconds, despite the rear ho2 sensor output voltage being 0.15 V or more, dtc p2195 is set.

Sensor current detection monitor

A rich air-fuel mixture causes a low a/f sensor current, and a lean air-fuel mixture causes a high a/f sensor current. Therefore, the sensor output becomes low during acceleration, and it becomes high during deceleration with the throttle valve fully closed. The ecm monitors the a/f sensor current during fuel-cut and detects any abnormal current values.

If the a/f sensor output is 3.6 Ma or more for more than 3 seconds of cumulative time, the ecm interprets this as a malfunction in the a/f sensor and sets dtc p2195 (high-side stuck). If the a/f sensor output is less than 1.0 Ma for more than 3 seconds of cumulative time, the ecm sets dtc p2196 (low-side stuck).

Toyota RAV4. Sensor current detection monitor


Monitor strategy

Toyota RAV4. Monitor strategy


Typical enabling conditions

Toyota RAV4. Typical enabling conditions


Toyota RAV4. Typical enabling conditions


Typical malfunction thresholds

Toyota RAV4. Typical malfunction thresholds


Monitor result

Refer to checking monitor status (see page es-17).

Wiring diagram

Toyota RAV4. Wiring diagram


Confirmation driving pattern

This confirmation driving pattern is used in the "perform confirmation driving pattern" procedure of the following diagnostic troubleshooting procedure.

Toyota RAV4. Confirmation driving pattern


Toyota RAV4. Confirmation driving pattern


  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Turn the tester on.
  4. Clear dtcs (see page es-35).
  5. Start the engine, and warm it up until the ect reaches 75°c (167°f) or higher.
  6. On the intelligent tester, select the following menu items to check the fuel-cut status: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / user data / fc idl.
  7. Drive the vehicle at between 60 km/h (38 mph) and 120 km/h (75 mph) for at least 10 minutes.
  8. Change the transmission to 2nd gear.
  9. Drive the vehicle at proper vehicle speed to perform fuel-cut operation.

Hint:

Fuel-cut is performed when the following conditions are met:

  1. Accelerate the vehicle to 64 km/h (40 mph) or more by depressing the accelerator pedal for at least 10 seconds.
  2. Soon after performing step (j) above, release the accelerator pedal for at least 4 seconds without depressing the brake pedal, in order to execute fuel-cut control.
  3. Allow the vehicle to decelerate until the vehicle speed declines to less than 10 km/h (6 mph).
  4. Repeat steps from (h) through (k) above at least 3 times in one driving cycle.

Hint:

Completion of all a/f sensor monitors is required to change the value in test result.

Caution:

Strictly observe posted speed limits, traffic laws, and road conditions when performing these drive patterns.

Inspection procedure

Hint:

Intelligent tester only: malfunctioning areas can be identified by performing the a/f control function provided in the active test. The a/f control function can help to determine whether the air-fuel ratio (a/f) sensor, heated oxygen (ho2) sensor and other potential trouble areas are malfunctioning.

The following instructions describe how to conduct the a/f control operation using the intelligent tester.

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Start the engine and turn the tester on.
  3. Warm up the engine at an engine speed of 2,500 rpm for approximately 90 seconds.
  4. On the tester, select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / active test / a/ f control.
  5. Perform the a/f control operation with the engine idling (press the right or left button to change the fuel injection volume).
  6. Monitor the output voltages of the a/f and ho2 sensors (afs b1 s1 and o2s b1 s2) displayed on the tester.

Hint:

Standard


Notice:

The a/f sensor has an output delay of a few seconds and the ho2 sensor (sensor 2) output has a maximum output delay of approximately of 20 seconds.

Toyota RAV4. Confirmation driving pattern


Following the a/f control procedure enables technicians to check and graph the voltage outputs of both the a/f and ho2 sensors.

To display the graph, select the following menu items on the tester: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / active test / a/f control / user data / afs b1 s1 and o2s b1 s2, and press the yes button and then the enter button followed by the f4 button.

Hint:

  1. Check any other dtcs output (in addition to p2195 or p2196)

  1. Connect an intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Turn the tester on.
  4. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / current codes.
  5. Read dtcs.

Toyota RAV4. Check any other dtcs output (in addition to p2195 or p2196)


Hint:

If any dtcs relating to the a/f sensor (dtcs for the a/f sensor heater or a/f sensor admittance) are output, troubleshoot those dtcs first.



  1. Read value using intelligent tester (test value of a/f sensor)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on and turn the tester on.
  3. Clear dtcs (see page es-35).
  4. Drive the vehicle in accordance with the drive pattern described in the confirmation driving pattern.
  5. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / monitor info / monitor status.
  6. Check that the status of o2s mon is compl.

    If the status is still incmpl, drive the vehicle according to the driving pattern again.

Hint:

  1. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / monitor info / test result / range b1 s1; then press the enter button.
  2. Check the test value of the a/f sensor output current during fuel-cut.

Toyota RAV4. Read value using intelligent tester (test value of a/f sensor)


  1. Read value using intelligent tester (output voltage of a/f sensor)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Start the engine.
  3. Turn the tester on.
  4. Warm up the a/f sensor at an engine speed of 2,500 rpm for 90 seconds.
  5. On the tester, select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / snapshot / manual snapshot / user data / afs b1 s1 and engine spd.
  6. Check the a/f sensor voltage 3 times, when the engine is in each of the following conditions: (1) while idling (check for at least 30 seconds) (2) at an engine speed of approximately 2,500 rpm (without any sudden changes in engine speed) (3) raise the engine speed to 4,000 rpm and then quickly release the accelerator pedal so that the throttle valve is fully closed.

Standard voltage

Toyota RAV4. Standard voltage


Hint:

Toyota RAV4. Read value using intelligent tester (output voltage of a/f sensor)




  1. Perform confirmation driving pattern


  1. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p2195 or p2196)

  1. Read dtcs using the intelligent tester.
  2. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / pending codes.

Toyota RAV4. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p2195 or p2196)


  1. Replace air-fuel ratio sensor


  1. Perform confirmation driving pattern


  1. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p2195 or p2196)

  1. Read dtcs using the intelligent tester.
  2. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / pending codes.

Toyota RAV4. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p2195 or p2196)


  1. Inspect air-fuel ratio sensor (heater resistance) (see page es-83)



  1. Inspect integration relay (efi main relay) (see page es-84)



  1. Check harness and connector (a/f sensor - ecm)

  1. Disconnect the b7 a/f sensor connector.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Measure the voltage between the +b terminal of the a/f sensor connector and body ground.

Standard voltage


  1. Turn the ignition switch off.
  2. Disconnect the b30 ecm connector.
  3. Measure the resistance.

Standard resistance (check for open)


Standard resistance (check for short)


  1. Reconnect the ecm connector.
  2. Reconnect the a/f sensor connector.

Toyota RAV4. Check harness and connector (a/f sensor - ecm)


Toyota RAV4. Check harness and connector (a/f sensor - ecm)




  1. Replace air-fuel ratio sensor


  1. Perform confirmation driving pattern


  1. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p2195 or p2196)

  1. Read dtcs using the intelligent tester.
  2. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / pending codes.

Toyota RAV4. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p2195 or p2196)




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