Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota RAV4 (XA40) 2013-2018 Owners Manual: Engine compartment

Toyota RAV4. Engine compartment

  1. Engine coolant reservoir
  2. Engine oil filler cap
  3. Battery
  4. Brake fluid reservoir
  5. Fuse box
  6. Radiator
  7. Condenser
  8. Electric cooling fans
  9. Engine oil level dipstick
  10. Washer fluid tank

Engine oil

With the engine at operating temperature and turned off, check the oil level on the dipstick.

Checking the engine oil

  1. Park the vehicle on level ground. After warming up the engine and turning it off, wait more than 5 minutes for the oil to drain back into the bottom of the engine.
  2. Holding a rag under the end, pull the dipstick out.

Toyota RAV4. Checking the engine oil

  1. Wipe the dipstick clean.
  2. Flat dipstick: reinsert the dipstick fully.

Non-flat dipstick: reinsert the non-flat dipstick fully with its protruding areas ( in the illustration) pointing towards the engine.

Toyota RAV4. Checking the engine oil

  1. Holding a rag under the end, pull the dipstick out and check the oil level.
  1. Low
  2. Normal
  3. Excessive

Flat dipstick

Toyota RAV4. Flat dipstick

Non-flat dipstick

Toyota RAV4. Non-flat dipstick

The shape of the dipstick may differ depending on the type of vehicle or engine.

  1. Wipe the dipstick and reinsert it fully.

Adding engine oil

If the oil level is below or near the low level mark, add engine oil of the same type as that already in the engine.

Toyota RAV4. Adding engine oil

Make sure to check the oil type and prepare the items needed before adding oil.

Toyota RAV4. Adding engine oil

  1. Remove the oil filler cap by turning it counterclockwise.
  2. Add engine oil slowly, checking the dipstick.
  3. Install the oil filler cap by turning it clockwise.

Engine oil consumption

A certain amount of engine oil will be consumed while driving. In the following situations, oil consumption may increase, and engine oil may need to be refilled in between oil maintenance intervals.


Used engine oil


To prevent serious engine damage

Check the oil level on a regular basis.

When replacing the engine oil

Engine coolant

The coolant level is satisfactory if it is between the “full” and “low” lines on the reservoir when the engine is cold.

  1. Reservoir cap
  2. “Full” line
  3. “Low” line

If the level is on or below the “low” line, add coolant up to the “full” line.

Toyota RAV4. Engine coolant

Coolant selection

Only use ¢§toyota super long life coolant¢¸ or a similar high quality ethylene glycol based non-silicate, non-amine, non-nitrite, and non-borate coolant with long-life hybrid organic acid technology.

U.S.A.: ¡§Toyota super long life coolant¢¸ is a mixture of 50% coolant and 50% deionized water. (Minimum temperature: -31„af [-35„ac]) canada: ¢§toyota super long life coolant¢¸ is a mixture of 55% coolant and 45% deionized water. (Minimum temperature: -44„af [-42„ac]) for more details about coolant, contact your toyota dealer.

If the coolant level drops within a short time of replenishing

Visually check the radiator, hoses, engine coolant reservoir cap, drain cock and water pump.

If you cannot find a leak, have your toyota dealer test the cap and check for leaks in the cooling system.


When the engine is hot

Do not remove the engine coolant reservoir cap.

The cooling system may be under pressure and may spray hot coolant if the cap is removed, causing serious injuries, such as burns.


When adding coolant

Coolant is neither plain water nor straight antifreeze. The correct mixture of water and antifreeze must be used to provide proper lubrication, corrosion protection and cooling. Be sure to read the antifreeze or coolant label.

If you spill coolant

Be sure to wash it off with water to prevent it from damaging parts or paint.

Radiator and condenser

Check the radiator and condenser and clear away any foreign objects.

If either of the above parts is extremely dirty or you are not sure of their condition, have your vehicle inspected by your toyota dealer.


When the engine is hot

Do not touch the radiator or condenser as they may be hot and cause serious injuries, such as burns.

Brake fluid

Checking fluid level

The brake fluid level should be between the “max” and “min” lines on the tank.

Toyota RAV4. Checking fluid level

Adding fluid

Make sure to check the fluid type and prepare the necessary item.

Toyota RAV4. Adding fluid

Brake fluid can absorb moisture from the air

Excess moisture in the brake fluid can cause a dangerous loss of braking efficiency.

Use only newly opened brake fluid.


When filling the reservoir

Take care as brake fluid can harm your hands and eyes and damage painted surfaces.

If fluid gets on your hands or in your eyes, flush the affected area with clean water immediately.

If you still experience discomfort, see a doctor.


If the fluid level is low or high

It is normal for the brake fluid level to go down slightly as the brake pads wear out or when the fluid level in the accumulator is high.

If the reservoir needs frequent refilling, there may be a serious problem.


Check the battery as follows:

Battery exterior

Make sure that the battery terminals are not corroded and that there are no loose connections, cracks, or loose clamps.

  1. Terminals
  2. Hold-down clamp

Toyota RAV4. Battery exterior

Before recharging

When recharging, the battery produces hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive. Therefore, before recharging:

After recharging/reconnecting the battery (vehicles with a smart key system)

The engine may not start. Follow the procedure below to initialize the system.

  1. Shift the shift lever to p.
  2. Open and close any of the doors.
  3. Restart the engine.

If the engine will not start even after multiple attempts, contact your toyota dealer.


Chemicals in the battery

A battery contains poisonous and corrosive sulfuric acid and may produce hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive. To reduce the risk of death or serious injury, take the following precautions while working on or near the battery:

Where to safely charge the battery

Always charge the battery in an open area. Do not charge the battery in a garage or closed room where there is not sufficient ventilation.

How to recharge the battery

Only perform a slow charge (5 a or less). The battery may explode if charged at a quicker rate.


Emergency measures regarding electrolyte

Flush your eyes with clean water for at least 15 minutes and get immediate medical attention. If possible, continue to apply water with a sponge or cloth while traveling to the nearest medical facility.

Wash the affected area thoroughly. If you feel pain or burning, get medical attention immediately.

It can soak through clothing on to your skin. Immediately take off the clothing and follow the procedure above if necessary.

Drink a large quantity of water or milk. Get emergency medical attention immediately.


When recharging the battery

Never recharge the battery while the engine is running. Also, be sure all accessories are turned off.

Washer fluid

If any washer does not work or the low washer fluid warning light comes on, the washer tank may be empty. Add washer fluid.

Toyota RAV4. Washer fluid


When adding washer fluid

Do not add washer fluid when the engine is hot or running as washer fluid contains alcohol and may catch fire if spilled on the engine etc.


Do not use any fluid other than washer fluid

Do not use soapy water or engine antifreeze instead of washer fluid.

Doing so may cause streaking on the vehicle’s painted surfaces.

Diluting washer fluid

Dilute washer fluid with water as necessary.

Refer to the freezing temperatures listed on the label of the washer fluid bottle.

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