Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota RAV4 Service Manual: Random / multiple cylinder misfire detected

Toyota RAV4. Random / multiple cylinder misfire detected


Description

Toyota RAV4. Random / multiple cylinder misfire detected


When the engine misfires, high concentrations of hydrocarbons (hc) enter the exhaust gas. Extremely high hc concentration levels can cause increases in exhaust emission levels. High concentrations of hc can also cause increases in the three-way catalytic converter (twc) temperature, which may cause damage to the twc. To prevent these increases in emissions and to limit the possibility of thermal damage, the ecm monitors the misfire rate. When the temperature of the twc reaches the point of thermal degradation, the ecm blinks the mil. To monitor misfires, the ecm uses both the camshaft position (cmp) sensor and the crankshaft position (ckp) sensor. The cmp sensor is used to identify any misfiring cylinders and the ckp sensor is used to measure variations in the crankshaft rotation speed.

Misfires are counted as when the crankshaft rotation speed variations exceed predetermined thresholds.

If the misfire rate exceeds the threshold level, and could cause emission deterioration, the ecm illuminates the mil and sets a dtc.

Toyota RAV4. Random / multiple cylinder misfire detected


When dtcs for misfiring cylinders are randomly set, but dtc p0300 is not set, it indicates that misfires have been detected in different cylinders at different times. Dtc p0300 is only set when several misfiring cylinders are detected at the same time.

Monitor description

The ecm illuminates the mil and sets a dtc when either of the following conditions, which could cause emission deterioration, is detected (2 trip detection logic).

The ecm flashes the mil and sets a dtc when either of the following conditions, which could cause three-way catalytic converter (twc) damage, is detected (2 trip detection logic).

Monitor strategy

Toyota RAV4. Monitor strategy


Typical enabling conditions

Toyota RAV4. Typical enabling conditions


Toyota RAV4. Typical enabling conditions


Typical malfunction thresholds

Toyota RAV4. Typical malfunction thresholds


Monitor result

Refer to checking monitor status (see page es-17).

Wiring diagram

Wiring diagram of the ignition system.

Toyota RAV4. Wiring diagram


Wiring diagram of the injector circuit.

Toyota RAV4. Wiring diagram


Confirmation driving pattern

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Turn the tester on.
  4. Record the dtc(s) and freeze frame data.
  5. Using the tester, switch the ecm from normal mode to check mode (see page es-38).
  6. Read the misfire counts of each cylinder (cyl #1 to #4) with the engine in an idling condition. If any misfire count is displayed, skip the following confirmation driving pattern.
  7. Drive the vehicle several times with the conditions, such as engine rpm and engine load, shown in misfire rpm and misfire load in the data list.

Hint:

In order to store misfire dtcs, it is necessary to drive the vehicle for the period of time shown in the table below, with the misfire rpm and misfire load in the data list.

Toyota RAV4. Confirmation driving pattern


  1. Check whether misfires have occurred by checking dtcs and freeze frame data.

Hint:

Do not turn the ignition switch off until the stored dtc(s) and freeze frame data have been recorded.

When the ecm returns to normal mode (default), the stored dtc(s), freeze frame data and other data will be erased.

  1. Record the dtc(s), freeze frame data and misfire counts.
  2. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 5 seconds.

Inspection procedure

Hint:

  1. Check any other dtcs output (in addition to misfire dtcs)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Turn the tester on.
  4. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / current codes.
  5. Read dtcs.

Toyota RAV4. Check any other dtcs output (in addition to misfire dtcs)


Hint:

If any dtcs other than p0300, p0301, p0302, p0303 and p0304 are output, troubleshoot those dtcs first.



  1. Read value using intelligent tester (misfire rpm and misfire load)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch to on and turn the tester on.
  3. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / misfire / misfire rpm and misfire load.
  4. Read and note the misfire rpm and misfire load (engine load) values.

Hint:

The misfire rpm and misfire load indicate the vehicle conditions under which the misfire occurred.


  1. Check pcv hose connections

Ok: pcv hose is connected correctly and is not damaged.



  1. Check misfire count (cyl #1, #2, #3 and #4)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Turn the tester on.
  4. Clear dtcs (see page es-35).
  5. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / misfire / cyl #1, #2, #3 and #4.
  6. Allow the engine to idle.
  7. Read each value for cyl #1 to #4 displayed on the tester.

    If no misfire counts occur in any cylinders, perform the following procedures:

  1. Shift the gear selector lever to the d position.
  2. Check the cyl #1 to #4.
  3. If misfire counts are still not displayed, perform steps

And (i) and then check the misfire counts again.

  1. Drive the vehicle with the misfire rpm and misfire load noted in the "read value using intelligent tester (misfire rpm and misfire load)" procedures above.
  2. Read the cyl #1 to #4 or dtcs displayed on the tester.

Toyota RAV4. Check misfire count


Hint:



  1. Perform active test using intelligent tester (fuel cut #1 to #4)

  1. Allow the engine to idle.
  2. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / active test / fuel cut#1 (to #4).
  3. If a cylinder has a high misfire count, cut fuel to that cylinder. Compare the misfire count of the cylinder before fuel cut and after fuel cut.

Toyota RAV4. Perform active test using intelligent tester (fuel cut #1 to #4)


Notice:

This active test cannot be performed while the vehicle is being driven.

Hint:

If the misfire count of the cylinder before and after the fuel cut are roughly the same, the cylinder is misfiring.

If the misfire count of the cylinder before the fuel cut is lower than after the fuel cut, the cylinder misfires sometimes.


  1. Check spark plug

  1. Remove the ignition coil and the spark plug of the misfiring cylinder
  2. measure the spark plug electrode gap.

Standard gap: 1.0 To 1.1 Mm (0.039 To 0.043 In.)

  1. Check the electrode for carbon deposits.

Recommended spark plug:


Toyota RAV4. Check spark plug


Notice:

If the electrode gap is larger than standard, replace the spark plug. Do not adjust the electrode gap.



  1. Check for sparks and ignition

Toyota RAV4. Check for sparks and ignition


  1. Remove the ignition coil from the cylinder head.
  2. Install the spark plug onto the ignition coil.
  3. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  4. Turn the ignition switch on and turn the tester on.
  5. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / active test / fuel cut all.
  6. Attach the spark plug assembly to the cylinder head.
  7. Perform the fuel cut all operation (press the right or left button to change the on).

Notice:

When fuel cut all is off and the engine is cranked, fuel injection will occur.

  1. Crank the engine for less than 2 seconds and check the spark.

Ok: sparks jump across electrode gap.

  1. Install the ignition coil.



  1. Check cylinder compression pressure of misfiring cylinder

  1. Measure the cylinder compression pressure of the misfiring cylinder.



  1. Change normal spark plug and check spark of misfiring cylinder

  1. Change the installed spark plug to a spark plug that functions normally.
  2. Perform a spark test.

Caution:

Always disconnect all injector connectors.

Notice:

Do not crank the engine for more than 2 seconds.

  1. Install the spark plug to the ignition coil and connect the ignition coil connector.
  2. Disconnect the injector connector.
  3. Ground the spark plug.
  4. Check if sparks occur while the engine is being cranked.

Ok: sparks jump across electrode gap.

 


  1. Inspect ecm terminal of misfiring cylinder (#10, #20, #30, and /or #40 voltage)

  1. Disconnect the b30 ecm connector.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on.
  3. Measure the voltage between the terminals of the ecm connector.

Standard voltage




  1. Check harness and connector (injector - ecm)

Toyota RAV4. Check harness and connector (injector - ecm)


  1. Disconnect the injector connector (of the misfiring cylinder).
  2. Disconnect the b30 ecm connector.
  3. Turn the ignition switch on.
  4. Measure the resistance and voltage between the injector and the ecm connector terminals.

Standard voltage


Standard resistance


  1. Reconnect the injector connector.
  2. Reconnect the ecm connector.



  1. Check fuel injector of misfiring cylinder

  1. Check the injector injection (whether fuel volume is high or low, and whether injection pattern is poor).



  1. Check valve clearance o

    ,



  1. Check air induction system

  1. Check the air induction system for vacuum leakage.

Ok: no leakage from air induction system.



  1. Check valve timing (see page es-77)


  1. Check fuel pressure

  1. Check the fuel pressure (see page fu-6).



  1. Read value using intelligent tester (coolant temp) (see page es-159)



  1. Read value using intelligent tester (maf) (see page es-158)

 


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