Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota RAV4 Service Manual: System too

Toyota RAV4. System too


Description

The fuel trim is related to the feedback compensation value, not to the basic injection time. The fuel trim consists of both the short-term and the long-term fuel trims.

The short-term fuel trim is fuel compensation that is used to constantly maintain the air-fuel ratio at stoichiometric levels. The signal from the air-fuel ratio (a/f) sensor indicates whether the air-fuel ratio is rich or lean compared to the stoichiometric ratio. This triggers a reduction in the fuel injection volume if the air-fuel ratio is rich and an increase in the fuel injection volume if it is lean.

Factors such as individual engine differences, wear over time and changes in operating environment cause short-term fuel trim to vary from the central value. The long-term fuel trim, which controls overall fuel compensation, compensates for long-term deviations in the fuel trim from the central value caused by the short-term fuel trim compensation.

If both the short-term and long-term fuel trims are lean or rich beyond predetermined values, it is interpreted as a malfunction, and the ecm illuminates the mil and sets a dtc.

Toyota RAV4. System too


Hint:

Monitor description

Under closed-loop fuel control, fuel injection volumes that deviate from those estimated by the ecm cause changes in the long-term fuel trim compensation value. The long-term fuel trim is adjusted when there are persistent deviations in the short-term fuel trim values. Deviations from the ecm's estimated fuel injection volumes also affect the average fuel trim learning value, which is a combination of the average short-term fuel trim (fuel feedback compensation value) and the average long-term fuel trim (learning value of the air-fuel ratio). If the average fuel trim learning value exceeds the malfunction threshold, the ecm interprets this as a fault in the fuel system and sets a dtc.

Example: the average fuel trim learning value is +35 % or more or -35 % or less, the ecm interprets this as a fuel system malfunction.

Toyota RAV4. Monitor description


Monitor strategy

Toyota RAV4. Monitor strategy


Typical enabling conditions

Toyota RAV4. Typical enabling conditions


Typical malfunction thresholds

Toyota RAV4. Typical malfunction thresholds


Wiring diagram

Refer to dtc p2195 (see page es-296).

Inspection procedure

Hint:

  1. Check any other dtcs output (in addition to dtc p0171 or p0172)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on and turn the tester on.
  3. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / current codes.
  4. Read dtcs.

Toyota RAV4. Check any other dtcs output (in addition to dtc p0171 or p0172)


Hint:

If any dtcs other than p0171 or p0172 are output, troubleshoot those dtcs first.



  1. Perform active test using intelligent tester (a/f control)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Start the engine and turn the tester on.
  3. Warm up the engine at an engine speed of 2,500 rpm for approximately 90 seconds.
  4. On the tester, select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / active test / a/f control.
  5. Perform the a/f control operation with the engine in an idling condition (press the right or left button to change the fuel injection volume).
  6. Monitor the output voltages of a/f and ho2 sensors (afs b1s1 and o2s b1s2) displayed on the tester.

Result: the a/f sensor reacts in accordance with increases and decreases in the fuel injection volume: +25 % = rich output: less than 3.0 V -12.5 % = Lean output: more than 3.35 V

Notice:

The a/f sensor has an output delay of a few seconds and the ho2 sensor has a maximum output delay of approximately 20 seconds.

Toyota RAV4. Perform active test using intelligent tester (a/f control)


Toyota RAV4. Perform active test using intelligent tester (a/f control)


Following the a/f control procedure enables technicians to check and graph the voltage outputs of both the a/f and ho2 sensors.

To display the graph, select the following menu items on the tester: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / active test / a/f control / user data / afs b1s1 and o2s b1s2; then press the yes button and then the enter button followed by the f4 button.

Toyota RAV4. Perform active test using intelligent tester (a/f control)


  1. Read value using intelligent tester (maf)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on and turn the tester on.
  3. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / primary / maf and coolant temp.
  4. Allow the engine to idle until the coolant temp reaches 75°c (167°f) or more.
  5. Read the maf with the engine in an idling condition and at an engine speed of 2,500 rpm.

Standard: maf while engine idling: between 1 g/sec. And 3 g/ sec. (Shift position: n, a/c: off).

Maf at engine speed of 2,500 rpm: between 2 g/ sec. And 6 g/sec. (Shift position: n, a/c: off).



  1. Read value using intelligent tester (coolant temp)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on and turn the tester on.
  3. Select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / data list / primary / coolant temp.
  4. Read the coolant temp twice, when the engine is both cold and warmed up.

Standard: with cold engine: same as ambient air temperature.

With warm engine: between 75°c and 100°c (167°f and 212°f).



  1. Check pcv hose connections

  1. Check for pcv hose connections.

Ok:

Pcv hose is connected correctly and is not damaged.



  1. Check air induction system

  1. Check the air induction system for vacuum leakage.

Ok: no leakage from air induction system.



  1. Check for sparks and ignition (see page es-171)



  1. Check for exhaust gas leak

  1. Check for exhaust gas leakage.

Ok: no gas leakage.



  1. Check fuel pressure

  1. Check the fuel pressure (see page fu-6).

Standard pressure: 304 to 343 kpa (3.1 To 3.5 Kgf/cm2, 44.1 To 49.7 Psi)



  1. Inspect fuel injector (injection and volume)

  1. Check the injection volume (see page fu-11).

Standard injection volume: 45 to 58 cm3 (2.9 To 3.5 Cu in.) Per 15 seconds



  1. Inspect air-fuel ratio sensor (heater resistance) (see page es-83)



  1. Inspect integration relay (efi relay) (see page es-84)



  1. Check harness and connector (a/f sensor - ecm) (see page es-310)



  1. Replace air-fuel ratio sensor


  1. Perform confirmation driving pattern

Toyota RAV4. Perform confirmation driving pattern


  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the dlc3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch on and turn the tester on.
  3. Clear dtcs (see page es-35).
  4. Switch the ecm from normal mode to check mode using the tester (see page es-38).
  5. Start the engine and warm it up with all the accessories switched off.
  6. Drive the vehicle at between 60 km/h and 120 km/h (38 mph and 75 mph) and at an engine speed of between 1,400 rpm and 3,200 rpm for 3 to 5 minutes.

Hint:

If the system is still malfunctioning, the mil will be illuminated during step (f).

Notice:

If the conditions in this test are not strictly followed, no malfunction will be detected.


  1. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p0171 or p0172)

  1. On the intelligent tester, select the following menu items: diagnosis / enhanced obd ii / dtc info / current codes.
  2. Read dtcs.

Toyota RAV4. Check whether dtc output recurs (dtc p0171 or p0172)


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